What Did Isaiah Really See And Why?

A Word Study

Word Study: Isaiah 53:4-5

Isaiah 53:4-5 (NKJV): "Surely He has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement for our peace was upon Him, and by His stripes we are healed."

I did the following word study on what I consider THE key verse of the Old Testament of The Bible. It was written by the prophet Isaiah after God opened up the future to him in a vision, showing what the Messiah would suffer and why. It's significant that he didn't just report what he saw as a reporter seeing the events, but also spoke to the world 700 years in advance of why this had to happen and the benefit to mankind this would be. This verse is the linchpin of the Old Covenant.

The English translations poorly convey what the full meaning of the Hebrew words the Holy Spirit choose when He wrote through Isaiah. I've gone and looked up the exact meanings to those words by using several sources, which include but are not limited to Strong's Concordance, the actual Hebrew Lexicon, the King James translator's lexicon, a current dictionary, the many wonderful free resources found at,  the NAS Exhaustive Concordance, HELPS Word-studies from, plus others. So the direct Hebrew translation found at the bottom is as accurate as possible and reveals the wondrous work that God's Son accomplished for us with His willing sacrifice. This is what Easter is all about!

The following format is used: King James English word, Hebrew word, Strong's #, exact translation

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Surely: a-chen, Strong's #403:  certainly, truly, absolutely.

Bore: na-sa, Strong's #5375: to lift, to carry, to take.

Griefs: cho-la-ye-nu, Strong's #2483:  sickness, malady, calamity, and disease.

Carried: se-va-lam, Strong's #5445: to bear a heavy load.

Sorrows: u-mach-'o-vei-nu, Strong's #4341: pain, affliction.

Esteemed: cha-shav-nu-hu, Strong's #2803: to think, thought about, account, accounted, considered.

Stricken: na-gu-a', Strong's #5060: to touch, to reach, to strike, to beat, able to bring down, plagued.

Smitten: muk-keh, Strong's #5221: to smite, to strike severely.

Afflicted: u-me-'un-neh, Strong's #6031a: to be bowed down, afflicted, to depress.

Wounded: me-cho-lal, Strong's #2490a: bored through, piereced, wounded, slain.

Transgressions: mip-pe-sha-'e-nu, Strong's #6588: rebellion, sin, trespasses.

Bruised: me-duk-ka, Strong's #1792: crushed, beat to pieces, broken into pieces, destroyed.

Iniquities: me-'a-vo-no-tei-nu, Strong's #5771: guilt, punishment for iniquities, evil, sin.

Chastisement: mu-sar, Strong's #4148: chastening, discipline, correction, instruction, rebuke.

Peace: she-lo-v-me-nu, Strong's #7965: well being, completeness, soundness, welfare, health, prosperity, peace.

Stripes: u-va-cha-vu-ra-tov, Strong's #2250: scourging, blows, wounds.

Healed: nir-pa-, Strong's #7495: to heal, healed, mended, cured, repaired, made whole.

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By using the above translated words, this is what Isaiah 53:4-5 really says and means in the original language that it was written. It's great reason to rejoice!

Original Hebrew: "He has absolutely lifted, carried, and taken our sicknesses, maladies, calamities, and diseases, and bore the heavy load of our pain and affliction; And we considered Him plagued, beat down, severely stricken by God, and afflicted. But He was wounded and pierced for our sin and rebellion; He was crushed, beat to pieces, and destroyed for our evil; that punishment and rebuke was put on Him in exchange for our peace, well being, health, welfare, and prosperity; and by the wounds of His scourging we are healed, mended, cured, repaired, and made whole."